Cystitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bladder that causes an uncomfortable need to urinate continuously and with pain. It affects women to a greater extent and must be treated correctly to prevent it from recurring cyclically or even becoming chronic or spreading to the genital tract and kidneys, becoming a serious health problem.
In most cases it is caused by a bacterial infection contracted through the lower part of the urinary tract (the urethra or penis). In less frequent cases, cystitis can appear as a reaction to drugs, radiation therapy and other external agents, or as a complication of another disease.
Statistically, one-third of the adult female population will suffer from cystitis at least once in their life, with a higher incidence as they age, due to the effects of menopause, particularly estrogen deficiency and blood displacement. the pelvic organs. Cystitis can also affect men and boys, although it is less common.
SYMPTOMS OF CYSTITIS
Cystitis can present many different symptoms that can make its diagnosis difficult. Some common symptoms that can alert you to a possible cystitis are:
· Constant urge to urinate
· Difficulty and burning sensation when urinating.
· Urinate frequently and not much.
· Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
· Presence of pus or blood in the urine.
· Pelvic pain.
· Sensation of pressure in the lower abdomen.
· Tenths of fever.
In the case of young children, if there are episodes in which the child reviews during the day, it must be ruled out that it is not due to a urinary tract infection.
In summer, the probability of contracting cystitis increases due to increased sweating and bathing in swimming pools and beaches, which favor the humidity of the genital area and the proliferation of microorganisms that cause the infection.
As we always advise in AFEMEFA, the first thing we should do in case we notice any of these symptoms is to go to the family doctor to confirm or rule out the presence of the disease. To do this, in addition to analyzing the signs and symptoms, as well as the patient's medical history, the doctor may prescribe different tests and analyzes, such as urinalysis, cystoscopy or even, in certain cases, imaging tests, such as X-rays or ultrasound...
The general treatment of cystitis caused by bacterial infection is with antibiotics. If it is not due to an infection, the treatment will depend on the source of the problem. With antibiotic treatment, symptoms may improve significantly very quickly. However, remember to perform the full treatment prescribed by your doctor to avoid relapses or worsening of the disease.
For recurring infections, your doctor may prescribe a longer course of antibiotics or refer you to a specialist for an evaluation and to rule out other abnormalities that may be causing the infections.
Doctors recommend following some self -care guidelines to avoid infections as much as possible:
· Drink lots of water
· Urinate frequently, trying not to contain the urge too much when you feel the need.
· Wash from front to back after having a bowel movement, to prevent fecal bacteria from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
· Try to shower instead of bathing.
· Empty your bladder as soon as possible after having sex.
· Do not use cosmetic products in the genital area. For intimate hygiene, try not to use strong soaps.
Cystitis is generally an annoying and painful disease, but it resolves in a few days following proper treatment. Consult your doctor in case of doubt and follow the guidelines indicated to reduce the risk of contracting it.
You can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. Some oral infections are more serious than others. But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them.